APP Technical Papers-Studies-Publications

A Regional Policy & Coordinating Mechanism for the Herbs & Spices Industry (CARICOM 2016)

The study undertook a situational analysis and consolidated audit review of the regional Herbs & Spices sector, as well as the sector in each individual member territory to identify the strengths, weakness and threats, and identified opportunities. It provides a policy framework for investment in and expansion of the herbs and spices (H&S) sector in CARICOM. Importantly, it includes a proposal for a Coordinating Mechanism and a business plan to guide greater private sector involvement in industry development initiatives. The framework was approved by the COTED in October 2016. The recommendations have been integrated into the dialogue of the BDTG and the R&HRD-TG, and elements of the report are also being incorporated into national policy and planning for industry development at the regional level.

A Regional Policy Framework for Cassava-Based Industry Development (CARICOM 2016)

The policy research confirms that despite many weaknesses and threats, the strengths and opportunities of the industry fully justify the decision of those Member States that have made cassava a priority for development. The policy framework provides a detailed global and regional situation of the industry, development prospects in the various segments and policy recommendations for building of a regional industry. It presents a policy framework for the cassava industry in CARICOM to assist Member States not only to establish national policies and strategies, but to agree on common policies, to which all members can commit. This is with the aim of developing a sustainable cassava industry which will contribute to food and nutrition security, export earnings and general economic development. The report findings and recommendations have been integrated into the dialogue of the Roots & Tubers Commodity Group and elements of the report are being incorporated into national policy and planning for industry development at the regional level.

Assessing the Adequacy of Agri-Market Infrastructure in the Caribbean (2015)

This study confirms the absence of economic models and heuristics at the local level for quantifying and directing investments in markets and other market infrastructure elements in spite of their obvious positive effects on agricultural production marketing and trade.  A scoring tool was developed to assess the adequacy of market infrastructure for fresh produce in municipal markets and offered an improved structural design for optimal use of space and better flow of farmers, food vendors and consumers. This tool could be utilized from supplier (farmer, retailer, vendor), buyer (individual consumers, retailers/wholesalers), and intermediary (packing houses) perspectives. Recommendations are made for improving structural design and achieving operational efficiency, to with respect to addressing the binding constraint of fragmented private sector, agricultural marketing and trade. Five (5) country reports with country-specific recommendations were completed (Grenada; Guyana; Barbados; St. Kitts & Nevis and Trinidad & Tobago).

CARICOM Agri-Trade-3- Analytical Study of Patterns&Tendencies 2012-2015 (Jun2017)

This 3-part study holds particular usefulness for promotion of unfettered intra-CARICOM trade from two angles: reduction of non-tariff barriers (Vol.1) and trade transportation/logistics bottlenecks (Vol.2).  With a regional food import bill over US$4billion and requests for suspension of the Common External Tariff, Vol.1  offers a comprehensive discussion on NTBs in the Region, by country and affected product and provides recommendations for their reduction and/or elimination. Vol.2 offers a general understanding of trade in agricultural products, including the top traded commodities and destination in CARICOM. It revisits the long-standing challenges of transporting of fresh produce across the Region, including analysis on inter-regional transport and logistics offers an overview of the design and effective operation of current port facilities relating to the movement of agricultural products.  The research and findings provide the evidence base for the proposed three case studies/operational corridors for the movement agricultural goods and recommendations and the development of a collaborative mechanism to integrate agricultural producers/exporters, providers of transportation and other logistics services as a basis for planning and negotiations on the provisions of the required services. The Study also compiled an inventory of NTMs/MTBs and a searchable trade and transportation database, including major agricultural importers, exporters, shipping lines, shipping agents and shipping protocols.

Developing Business Facilitation Mechanisms – CARICOM-1-Reducing Non-Tariff Barriers (Jun2017)

This 3-part study holds particular usefulness for promotion of unfettered intra-CARICOM trade from two angles: reduction of non-tariff barriers (Vol.1) and trade transportation/logistics bottlenecks (Vol.2).  With a regional food import bill over US$4billion and requests for suspension of the Common External Tariff, Vol.1  offers a comprehensive discussion on NTBs in the Region, by country and affected product and provides recommendations for their reduction and/or elimination. Vol.2 offers a general understanding of trade in agricultural products, including the top traded commodities and destination in CARICOM. It revisits the long-standing challenges of transporting of fresh produce across the Region, including analysis on inter-regional transport and logistics offers an overview of the design and effective operation of current port facilities relating to the movement of agricultural products.  The research and findings provide the evidence base for the proposed three case studies/operational corridors for the movement agricultural goods and recommendations and the development of a collaborative mechanism to integrate agricultural producers/exporters, providers of transportation and other logistics services as a basis for planning and negotiations on the provisions of the required services. The Study also compiled an inventory of NTMs/MTBs and a searchable trade and transportation database, including major agricultural importers, exporters, shipping lines, shipping agents and shipping protocols.

Developing Business Facilitation Mechanisms -CARICOM -2- Trade Transport Logistics (Jun2017)

This 3-part study holds particular usefulness for promotion of unfettered intra-CARICOM trade from two angles: reduction of non-tariff barriers (Vol.1) and trade transportation/logistics bottlenecks (Vol.2).  With a regional food import bill over US$4billion and requests for suspension of the Common External Tariff, Vol.1  offers a comprehensive discussion on NTBs in the Region, by country and affected product and provides recommendations for their reduction and/or elimination. Vol.2 offers a general understanding of trade in agricultural products, including the top traded commodities and destination in CARICOM. It revisits the long-standing challenges of transporting of fresh produce across the Region, including analysis on inter-regional transport and logistics offers an overview of the design and effective operation of current port facilities relating to the movement of agricultural products.  The research and findings provide the evidence base for the proposed three case studies/operational corridors for the movement agricultural goods and recommendations and the development of a collaborative mechanism to integrate agricultural producers/exporters, providers of transportation and other logistics services as a basis for planning and negotiations on the provisions of the required services. The Study also compiled an inventory of NTMs/MTBs and a searchable trade and transportation database, including major agricultural importers, exporters, shipping lines, shipping agents and shipping protocols. Executive Summary and Annexes can be provided on request.

Harmonization of Protocols for Movement of Animal Germplasm Across the Region (CARCOM 2015)

The study proposes harmonized protocols for the movement of: (i) live sheep and goats, (ii) semen and embryos intra-regionally from one CARIFORUM country to another CARIFORUM country. These protocols were based on a review of eight existing protocols from the member states of The Bahamas, Barbados, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Guyana, Saint Lucia, St. Vincent & the Grenadines and Trinidad & Tobago and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Terrestrial Animal Health Code. Recommendations also  offer mechanisms to simplify the legal regulations governing the intraregional movement of live animals, embryos and semen which will be used to increase the amount of quality breeding stock in the Region. Each of the three protocols for the movement of live animals, embryos and semen consists of Conditions of a Permit Controlling the movement of Live Animals/Embryos/Semen, supported by the following Sections, Certification Statements; Test Requirements; Embarkation Statement (Live Animals); and Other Information. These protocols with minor adaptation, if necessary, can be utilised by ALL Member States of CARIFORUM and represent a harmonized framework. Some recommendations were also provided to ensure that the protocols contribute to the improved viability of the small ruminant subsector, the quality of rural life and a reduction of poverty.

Harmonization of Protocols for Movement of Plant Germplasm Across the Region (CARCOM 2015)

The study covers issues and options related to harmonization of Protocols for movement of plant germplasm across the region. Ultimately the objective is to modernize existing rules and regulations for trade in plant material for easier movement while, simultaneously maintaining the lowest level of risk of transfer of plant pests and diseases within CARIFORUM. The pest status and the risk of transmission with planting material was analysed for six crops prioritized by CARDI: sweet potato, yam, hot pepper, corn, beans and pigeon peas. Diagnostic and risk mitigating approaches were reviewed with a view to regional capacity. A range of suitable options were selected and included in six crop-specific “Protocols for the Transport of Disease-Free Planting Material in CARIFORUM”. Preventative measures were given priority. Recommendations for prevention of spread of regional priority pests were designed in a way that, if followed correctly, other pests of lower risk status would also be detected/intercepted.

Integrating Disaster Risk Management & Climate Change Considerations in Agriculture (CARICOM 2016)

This study addressed the binding constraint related to inadequate mechanisms to mitigate risks. It provides an updated situational analyses on Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management (CC-DRM) in 11 CARICOM Member States.It also developed a new Standardized Audit Instrument (SAI) as a major contribution to efforts to reduce the current/future exposure to,  and loss/damage from natural hazard impacts in the agricultural sector. The tool was applied in eleven (11) CARICOM States and was recommended to be applied every three years to help countries mainstream these issues in agriculture sector planning.  It is positioned to become a key component of the Regional Institutional capacity building for the management of hazard risks in the agricultural sector in CARICOM States. Drought hazard plans for Grenada and Saint Lucia were also completed using the SAI which also serve as templates for other Member states to develop own plans, given the extreme vulnerability of agriculture to water shortages.  The report provided for priority action presented under the pillars of the instrument to support the process of national dialogue on the action agenda to move DRM and CCA forward in the sector. This work has far-reaching applications for the sector including adoption of affordable insurance coverage for cultivated land, improvement in general access to finance and investment and decision making relative to suitable crops for varying ecosystems and specific micro-climates and farming systems.

Traditional Knowledge Transfer for Resilient Small Farming Systems in the Caribbean (2016)

This publication combines results of a 2014/2015 baseline survey, desktop research and ‘experience capitalisation’ to contribute to an understanding of the determinants of good practices for resilience in small farming systems in the Caribbean. Climate change and the predictions on the impacts on the natural resources in agro-ecological systems have added another dimension to vulnerabilities and resilience in farming systems. It provides information to enhance understanding of why traditional knowledge application in farming practices is the most suited to building resilience with climate change and identifies broad thematic areas for consolidating adaptive capacities to reduce vulnerabilities linked to geography, topography and climate at the farm level. Small farmers, development partners, research and extension personnel and students with an interest in aspects of sustainable development will find the material useful or engaging.  The recommendations offered towards a Regional programme approach will support institutional efforts to foster resilient farming with climate change, relevant to the small farming systems in the Region.